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Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 4 - dachshunds.
Wirehaired dwarf dachshund - (Rauhhaariger Zwergteckel)
In the F.C.I. classification, group 4 is the one that contains the least number of breeds; there are nine different varieties of Dachshund, which differ in hair and stature. All types of Dachshund have common origins. It has very ancient origins. Some experts claim that an ancestral form of this breed accompanied the Pharaonic guards during the Middle Kingdom in 2100-1700 BC. about. "The history of the dachshund cannot be said to be recent, but it spans several centuries." In 1797, reference was made to the wirehaired dachshunds in Jester's book on hunting. The first book published on the Dachshunds dates back to the year 1885 and the author was R. Cornell. In 1888 Colonel Emile Ilgner and Count Klaus Hahn founded the "Deutscher Teckel Club", which gave a significant increase to the breed; then only normal-sized subjects were registered, the smaller ones were selected later. The crossing of the various types of hair is strictly prohibited by the Federation. It is among the most popular dogs in the world. In Germany it is, together with the "German Shepherd", the national dog.
Small dog, anacolymorphic aberrant dachshund, dolichocephalus. Breed low on the limbs, elongated, compact. In appearance it is vigorous, with solid musculature. His bearing of the head is proud, with intelligent expression. In spite of the disproportion between the long body and the short limbs, it must not appear ungainly, nor heavy, nor hampered in the movements, nor must it appear as thin and swaying as a weasel.
Race unrivaled for affection and devotion to its owner and family. With this breed there are no problems of incompatibility. It is a dog that always manages to make itself understood and to communicate with people. It is a perfect companion dog, given its great character qualities. Very generous breed. He is cheerful and lively enough. Rather intelligent and obedient breed. Very suitable for being in direct contact with children. Excellent breed to always keep in the house or apartment.
Pasquale di Viscalori, Dachshund T. Dwarf hard-haired (photo www.viscalori.it)
Wirehaired Dwarf Dachshund
Dimensions: chest circumference from 30 cm to 35 cm.
Trunk: the back must have a high and long withers that blend harmoniously with the straight dorsal line and with the slightly arched renal region. The tip of the sternum must be solid, so protruding as to form on the two sides of the cavities. The ribcage seen from the front is oval, viewed from above and capable and wide profile, so as to give ample space for a full development of the heart and lungs. Thoracic chest well extended backwards and harmonically inserted in the abdominal region. If the shoulder and humerus have the right length and angle, the front limb, seen from the side, covers the lowest point of the chest line. The belly is moderately retracted.
Head and muzzle: elongated and, seen from above and in profile, uniformly shrinking towards the nose, well outlined and dry. The slightly convex skull fits harmoniously without nose-front depression into the finely shaped and slightly arched nasal bridge. Strongly protruding eyebrow arches. Long and slender nasal bridge. Lips well stretched and well covering the lower jaw. Not pendulous, nor thin, with a slightly marked crease at the commissure. Nostrils well open. Strong and very extended jaws whose point of origin is placed right behind the eyes, with well developed teeth and jaw.
Truffle: black in color, with nostrils well open.
Teeth: robust and perfectly matching canines. The pincer and scissor teeth are both valid. 42 teeth.
Neck: good length, muscular, dry. Without dewlap. Slightly arched at the nape. Brought naturally erect.
Ears: with high attachment, but not too forward, abundant, but not too long. Well rounded tips. Not thin, neither pointed nor crumpled. Very mobile. The front profile adheres well to the cheek.
Eyes: medium size, oval, placed laterally; of lively and energetic expression and at the same time good and friendly, not fixed. Bright dark brown-red, up to brown-black, with any coat color.
Limbs: in relation to its use as a burrow dog, the front must be muscular, stocky, descended, deep and wide. Arm as long as the shoulder and forming a right angle with it; of solid bone and musculature, well adherent to the ribs, but free in the movements. Short forearm, possibly slightly arched inwards. The metacarpian bones, viewed from the side, should be neither too vertical nor too inclined. The foot is well closed with well arched toes. Sturdy soles. In the rear the croup is long. The pelvis is not too short. The femur is solid, of good length, articulated at right angles to the coxal. The thigh is very rounded. The metatarsal is long and slightly inclined forward. The rear ends are perfectly straight.
Shoulder: long and oblique, solidly attached to the well-developed chest, strongly and plastically muscled.
Gait: casual with proud bearing of the head.
Musculature: well evident and well developed.
Tail: solid with well-fitting fur, which tapers progressively towards the end without forming a bow.
Hair: with the exception of the muzzle, eyebrows and ears, the body is uniformly covered by a rough, dense and well-fitting coat, garnished with undercoat. It forms a beard on the muzzle. The eyebrows are bushy. On the ears the hair is shorter.
Allowed colors: all colors are allowed. White marks or spots on the chest are allowed but not desired. For the rest, the same characteristics of short-haired Dachshunds generally apply.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, deviated jaw, lack of teeth, coat colors different from those indicated in the Standard, hair too long, incorrect back, twisted limbs, incorrect movement, cross closure, delicate construction, heavy gait, foot wide, back insellato, eyes gazzuoli, ears with too high attachment, skull too wide or too narrow, monorchidism, cryptorchidism.
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it