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Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics
Ancient Belgian breed originally from Flanders (Nederbraekel).
Uncertain origins; some consider it a variety of the Campine.
Once very bred, not only in Belgium (also England and the United States), like many breeds, it suffered strong competition from Livornese.
Rustic breed, excellent laying hen.
The skin and shell of the eggs are white.
There are many colors: barred silver, barred gold, barred suede, barred white, white, black and blue; also a variety with short limbs was known.
The FIAV Standard provides for two: Barred Silver and Barred Gold.
Simple five-pointed medium crest.
Wide tail. Tarsi slate.
- Rooster 2.0 - 2.75 kg
- Chicken 1,75 - 2,25 kg
Braekel rooster and hen barred silver
Braekel rooster and hen barred silver (photo www.hydepark.co.il)
Breed standard - FIAV
I - GENERALITIES
Breed once common in Belgium.
Minimum weight g. 55
Shell color: white.
II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
Robust chicken with the shape of a country chicken and medium-high bearing; quite raised tail with abundant plumage; plumage with typical strikethrough; lively temperament.
III - STANDARD
General appearance and characteristics of the breed
Trunk: rectangular, robust, wide with rounded shapes.
Head: of a good medium size; wide and slightly flattened.
Beak: quite powerful; blue with light horn colored tip.
Eyes: dark brown iris that looks black; often blackish eyelids.
Crest: simple, medium-sized and slightly coarse in texture; 5/6 large teeth; lobe that follows the line of the nape without leaning on it. In the hen folded after the first or second dentil.
Bargigli: of a good medium size.
Face: with the presence of small feathers. In the hen blue pigmentation in the lower part of the face.
Mumps: medium size; bluish white. In the hen more bluish than in the rooster.
Neck: medium length, abundant cape.
Back: slightly inclined towards the back. Well feathered croup. In the most horizontal hen.
Wings: well tightened to the body; long with the ends hidden under the plumage of the croup.
Tail: quite high capacity, with numerous long and wide sickles. In the hen, wide and fairly open.
Chest: deep, wide and fleshy.
Legs: strong and barely visible legs. Medium length, fine tarsi; slate blue. Well spread fingers; white nails.
Belly: wide and full. In the highly developed hen.
2 - WEIGHTS
ROOSTER: Kg. 2,0 - 2,75
HEN: Kg. 1,75 - 2,25
Narrow body; tail carried too high or low; hanging wings; reddish or yellowish mumps.
3 - PLUMAGE
Conformation: well tightened to the body.
IV - COLORS
Pure white head and cape without the slightest design, but each feather is blackish at its root. White back. White croup from the upper half of the lanceolate. On the chest, the hips and the belly black background color with white cross bars. The white bars of the upper part of the chest are the widest, so that the black background color appears only at the tip of the feathers in the form of a deep black bar. In the lower and rear part of the trunk the white bars lose their width and the black ones widen intensifying color. Wing coverts, small and large, crossed across with strong reflections in the black bars. Secondary and primary remiges crossed in the external bars, black internal beards. Black helmsman, a bit of design is not a defect. Large black sickles with white stripes on their edge, but the large fully drawn sickles does not constitute a defect. Small sickle-shaped bars crossed transversely.
Silver white head and cape; if the chest design is intense and rises upwards, some black spraying in the lower part of the cape is not a defect. The rest of the plumage is intense black with white transverse bars, where the black bars are clearly wider than the white ones. Drawing as sharp as possible on the wing coverts, the rump, and the external beards of the secondary remiges. The beards in the helmsman are lost going down.
Serious defects: strong yellow reflections in the cock; sequin design on the chest of young roosters and hens of all ages; absence of drawing in the chest; faint bars; horseshoe design in hens; cape strongly drawn in young hens.
GALLO and GALLINA
Black background color, same design as the Barred Silver variety; the color of the design is golden brown instead of silver white.
Serious defects: color of the design too light, too dark or strongly irregular. Same design flaws as the Strikethrough Silver.