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Adamello Brenta Natural Park - Trentino

Adamello Brenta Natural Park - Trentino


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Type of protected area - Where it is located

Typology: Provincial Natural Park
Region: Trentino-Alto Adige
Province: Trento

The Adamello-Brenta Natural Park, located in western Trentino, was established in 1967. It includes the Adamello, Presanella and Brenta mountain groups and covers an area of ​​618 square km. It is the largest protected area in Trentino and one of the largest in Italy.

Brenta Dolomites - Adamello-Brenta Natural Park (photo Davide Martinelli)

Description and history

Its territory is characterized by a great variety of landscapes and natural environments.
The Adamello-Presanella group is rich in flowing waters, fed by glaciers, which form suggestive waterfalls (the most famous being the Nardis waterfall) and numerous alpine lakes. Its peaks crown the Valley of Genoa, an authentic naturalistic jewel.
The Brenta group with its scenic and polychromatic appearance contrasts with the static majesty of the glaciers and peaks of nearby Adamello; it is a suggestion of peaks, spiers and towers with imaginative Dolomite architecture which have been the subject of memorable mountaineering achievements.

History of the Adamello-Brenta Natural Park

The beauty and extraordinary naturalistic interest of the lateral Alpine valleys of the Val Rendena and the Brenta Group and the need to protect them from any tampering began to speak already in 1919 when Luigi Vittorio Bertarelli, director of the magazine of the Italian Touring Club Le Vie dItalia, published some notes on the establishment of two natural parks in Trentino. The idea was suggested to him by Giovanni Pedrotti of the Tridentini Mountaineers Society, who in 1928 took it up again and developed it in an article in Corriere del Cacciatore entitled National parks in Trentino for the protection of flora and fauna, where he indicated the territories that in Trentino would have lent themselves better to the establishment of national parks and large reserves of local fauna: one at the western end of Trentino, the other on the eastern borders of the province. It is precisely in these areas that the Autonomous Province of Trento, translating the natural park institute into concrete reality for the first time in Italy, created the two provincial parks in 1967, that of Adamello-Brenta and that of Paneveggio-Pale di San Martino.

The Park Authority and the protection of the natural environment

At the time of its establishment, the Adamello-Brenta Natural Park occupies an area of ​​504 square kilometers. In the 1980s the founding act was translated into precise protection and territorial management rules. In 1987 the boundaries of the park were redefined, expanding the protected area to reach the current 618 square kilometers. Subsequently, the Autonomous Province of Trento, after a long period of discussion, issued in 1988 the new law on the organization of Trentino's natural parks which established the administrative management bodies and established the methods for using the resources of the natural parks. The Adamello-Brenta Park Authority was set up, in which the Management Committee gathered the representatives of the 35 Municipalities that fall, even partially, in the protected area, and the representatives of the environmental, hunting and mountaineering world.
The new system primarily expresses a modern idea of ​​a park which, overcoming the simple need to conserve natural beauty, pursues the promotion and scientific research and social use of environmental goods. With a view to coexistence between the natural ecosystem and man with its activities, it was intended to consolidate the millennial relationship of harmonious balance that has created an indissoluble link between the populations and the territory. The discipline, territorial and urban planning of the Park, the protection and enhancement of its naturalistic-environmental peculiarities are entrusted to the instrument of the Park Plan which is flanked by a specific Wildlife Plan. In pursuing the aims established by the founding law, the Park Authority carries out interventions of conservation of the territory and on the infrastructures, controls the flows of visitors, organizes environmental education activities, promotes scientific research, promotes projects for the conservation and enhancement of flora and fauna. fauna of the Park (Live Ursus Project, Ibex Project, etc.).

Valagola Lake - Adamello Brenta Natural Park

Val di Fumo - Adamello Brenta Natural Park (photo Davide Martinelli)

Flora and fauna

The exceptional integrity and variety of environments in the Adamello-Brenta Park area is reflected in an extraordinary wealth of fauna which includes, among other things, rare and exclusive species from the Alpine area.
Among the many animals present in the Park we remember: the Brown Bear, the Fox, the Badger, the Faina, the Donnola, the Ermine, the Marten, the Chamois, the Ibex, the Deer, the Roe Deer, the Mouflon, the Marmot, the Driomio, the Squirrel, the Dormouse, numerous diurnal birds of prey (Eagle, Sparrowhawk, Buzzard, Peregrine Falcon, Kestrel, etc.) and nocturnal (Owl, Tawny Owl, Eagle Owl, etc.), and many other birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, etc. .

Life Ursus Project - Protection of the Brenta brown bear population

On Brenta the last indigenous bears of the Alps survive: testimony of the culture and history of the Alpine people, and symbol of an intact and wild natural environment. But among our mountains there are very few specimens left (no more than three) and there have been no signs of reproduction since 1988. The Live Ursus project - Protection of the population of Orso bruno del Brenta is an attempt, with deep scientific bases, to revive the bear population of western Trentino, which is now on the verge of extinction.
The project involved the release of 10 bears captured in Slovenia, with the aim of restoring a population capable of reproducing and self-sustaining in nature, to recolonise an area that goes well beyond the territory of the Park.
The project was promoted by the Adamello-Brenta Natural Park, funded in part by the European Union and developed with the collaboration of many subjects. The Services of the Forestry Department of the Autonomous Province of Trento provide direct support for operations, the National Institute for Wild Fauna provides scientific coordination throughout the initiative. The WWF of Trentino mainly collaborates for dissemination and communication activities.
At the end of spring 99, the first two specimens of brown bear (Ursus arctos) from Slovenia were released in the park. It was a male, aged between 3 and 5 years, weighing 99 kg, and a female of 3 and a half years and 55 kilograms in weight. The names, Masùn and Kirka, were given to them to remember the places where they came from. During the capture phase they were equipped with radio collars, so it was possible to follow their moves at any time.
The re-blooding plan continued in spring 2000: three splendid specimens, two females and one male, were released in the area of ​​Lake Tovel. Releases also continued in 2001 and 2002.
In the following years the bears continued to breed: two cubs in 2002, two in 2003, five in 2004, three in 2005 and others in 2006.
Despite the end of the Life Ursus Project, the commitment of the Adamello Brenta Natural Park towards the bear continues, with the final goal of facilitating the achievement of a minimum vital population in the Central Alps. The activities currently underway provide for the deepening of knowledge on the population of Western Trentino, a constant dissemination and communication action, collaboration with Bodies and Associations interested in perfecting the conservation strategies of the plantigrade.
For more information on the Brown Bear of the Adamello-Brenta Natural Park

Tovel Lake - Adamello-Brenta Natural Park (photo Luca Tomasi)

Information for the visit

Visitor Centers:

Daone: Fauna Visitor Center
Spormaggiore: Bear Visitor Center
Tovel: Red Lake Visitor Center
S.Antonio di Mavignola: Information point - Guest house
Stenico: Botanical Garden
Molveno: Venetian Sawmill Taialacqua
Not to be missed
Val di Genova: from Carisolo-Pinzolo the valley goes westwards between narrow walls and steep slopes covered by thick deciduous and coniferous forests; higher up the valley widens to end after 16 kilometers, in the spectacular circus of walls and glaciers (Mandron and Lobbia) which descend on the plain of Bédole.

How to reach the park:

North-East side - Val di Non - Val di Sole
From Trento follow the SS n. 12 from Brennero to San Michele allAdige (exit A22); continuing on the SS n. 43 in loc. Rocchetta enters Val di Non. Continue on provincial road no. 73 of the right Walnut until Tuenno (entrance of the Val di Tóvel) and then Cles.
Shortly after the loc. Rocchetta meets the deviation for Andalo, Molveno and the Paganella plateau (SS n. 421), eastern access to the central chain of the Brenta and to the Campa subgroup.
After Cles, the Mostizzolo bridge over the Noce river marks the border between Val di Non and Val di Sole. From the centers of Malé and Dimaro you can access the northern chain of Brenta.
From the upper Val di Sole you enter the Presanella Group.

South-West side Giudicarie Valleys - Val Rendena
From Trento follow the SS n. 45 of the Western Gardesana up to Sarche, continuing to Ponte Arche and Tione (SS n. 237). Just before Ponte Arche-Comano Terme there is the detour to the southern sector of the Brenta Group. From Tione, continuing on the SS n. 237 in a southerly direction, you can access the valleys of Breguzzo and Daone-Fumo. Continuing north (SS n. 239) you go up the Val Rendena to Strembo (seat of the Park), Pinzolo (Brenta Dolomites), Carisolo (Val di Genova, Adamello and Presanella) and Madonna di Campiglio (Presanella and Dolomiti di Brenta).

Management:

Administrative office of the Park Authority
Strembo (TN) Via Nazionale, 24
Information: [email protected]
Website: www.pnab.it

Breeds and typical products of the Adamello-Brenta Natural Park

  • Rendena cattle breed
  • Goat breed Bionda dell'Adamello
  • Goat breed Valle del Chiese
  • Spressa delle Giudicarie Dop
  • Fresh salami with Caderzone garlic
  • Local bacon with Caderzone garlic
  • Salami with garlic from Val Rendena
  • Ciuìga del Banale
  • Val di Non Dop apple
  • Casolèt of the Val di Sole
  • Grana Trentino Dop
  • Mortandela from the Val di Non

Map and logo of the Adamello-Brenta Natural Park (www.pnab.it)


Video: Parco Naturale Adamello Brenta HD (May 2022).